What is Adderall 20 MG?
Adderall is the brand name of a prescription medication used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults.
Adderall is a combination of two stimulant drugs, amphetamine and dextroamphetamine.
Adderall 20 MG is used to treat narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Adderall may help people with ADHD control their activities and increase their attention spans.
The drug may also prevent symptoms of narcolepsy, which include excessive sleepiness and sudden attacks of daytime sleepiness.
Adderall belongs to a class of drugs called central nervous system stimulants. The drug works by increasing levels of the brain chemical dopamine, which stimulates the brain.
You should not use Adderall 20 MG if you have glaucoma, overactive thyroid, severe agitation, moderate to severe high blood pressure, heart disease or coronary artery disease, or a history of drug or alcohol addiction.
Adderall and Weight Loss
Adderall also can suppress appetite, and a growing number of people who want to lose weight also abuse the drug as a diet pill.
However, using Adderall or Adderall XR for weight loss can result in severe side effects, including psychosis, addiction, stroke, cardiac arrest, and death.
Adderall can increase your risk for heart problems, high blood pressure, and stroke.
If the person taking Adderall has a history of a heart defect or other heart problems, there is a risk for sudden death.
Doctors need to check children for any heart problems before prescribing Adderall.
Adderall may increase your risk for mental health problems, including depression, bipolar disorder, and unusual behaviors including aggressive or hostile behavior.
Children on Adderall also may develop psychotic symptoms, which include seeing things that are not there (hallucinations) and believing things that are not true (delusions).
Adderall may be habit-forming. This is more likely if you take Adderall in larger doses, more often, or for longer than recommended by your doctor.
You may need to take increasingly greater doses to control symptoms, but taking larger doses increases your risk for heart and mental health problems.
Children younger than 3 should not take Adderall, and children younger than 6 should not take Adderall XR.
Always tell your doctor if you have allergies to any medications. Let your doctor know about any:
- Reactions you have had to other stimulants
- Family history of heart problems, high blood pressure, or stroke
- Family history of mental problems
- Previous drug or alcohol abuse
Several other conditions your doctor will need to be aware of before prescribing Adderall for you include any history of:
- Glaucoma or any eye problems
- Tourette’s syndrome or any sudden, uncontrolled movements
- Liver disease
- Kidney disease
If your child is taking Adderall, you should talk to the doctor about the risk for delayed growth.
Some stimulants may delay growth and development in children. A doctor will need to check your child regularly while the child is on Adderall.
It’s also important confirm a diagnosis of ADHD before treating a child with Adderall.
Sometimes, poor school performance or behavioral issues are symptoms of other problems that need treatment, such as trauma, dyslexia, or mental illness.
Medical experts do not know whether Adderall is safe for elderly people.
If you are older than 65, ask your doctor whether there are other drug options that might be safer for you.
If you suddenly stop taking Adderall, you may have Adderall withdrawal symptoms, also known as an “Adderall crash.”
Symptoms of Adderall withdrawal can include depression, insomnia or other sleep disorders, irritability, and extreme fatigue.
You are at higher risk for Adderall addiction if you have abused drugs or alcohol in the past.
Adderall withdrawal can be managed with help from your doctor, who may advise you to slowly taper off your use of the drug.
Adderall and Pregnancy
Adderall might be unsafe to take during pregnancy.
Because of this, talk with your doctor before starting Adderall if you are pregnant or may become pregnant, and call your doctor right away if you get pregnant while on Adderall.
Also, do not take Adderall while breastfeeding because the drug can pass through breast milk to a breastfeeding baby.
Adderall 20 MG Side Effects
Common side effects of Adderall include:
- Stomach ache
- Decreased appetite
- Trouble sleeping
- Dry mouth
- Weight loss
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Loss of interest in sex
If more serious side effects develop, call a doctor right away. Serious side effects of Adderall may include:
- Changes in vision
- Chest pain
- Trouble breathing
- Severe weakness or numbness
- Uncontrolled movements or voice sounds
- Hallucinations or delusions
- Aggressive behavior
- Uncontrollable behavior
- Severe skin rash
- Swelling of face, lips, or tongue
- Difficulty swallowing or talking
- Irregular heartbeat
It’s very important to let your doctor know about all drugs you are taking, including illegal drugs, any over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, and any herbs or supplements.
If you have taken an antidepressant called a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) in the last two weeks, you should not take Adderall. MAOIs include:
- Isocarboxazid (Marplan)
- Phenelzine (Nardil)
- Selegiline (Eldepryl, Emsam, Zelapar)
- Tranylcypromine (Parnate)
Types of drugs that are known to interact with Adderall and may cause problems include:
- Blood pressure medications, such as adrenergic blocker or alpha blockers like alfuzosin (Uroxatral), doxazosin (Cardura), and prazosin (Minipress)
- Seizure medications, such as ethosuximide (Zarontin), phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton), and phenytoin (Dilantin)
- Blood thinners, such as warfarin (Coumadin)
- Over-the-counter cough and cold medicines and antihistamines that contain decongestants
- Heart medications, such as beta blockers like atenolol (Tenormin), labetalol (Normodyne), and metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
- Diuretics (water pills), such as furosemide (Lasix)
- Medications used to treat schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, such as haloperidol (Haldol)
- Prescription pain medications, including meperidine (Demerol) and propoxyphene (Darvon)
- Diet supplements called glutamic acid or L-glutamine
Additionally, Adderall may affect your level of concentration, coordination, and judgment.
Because of this, do not drive or participate in activities that could be dangerous until you know how Adderall will affect you.
Adderall 20 MG Dosage
Doses of Adderall are individualized, so your dose will depend on why you’re taking Adderall, and on your response to the drug.
Doctors usually start with a low dose and increase the amount gradually.
The best dose will be the lowest possible dose that works.
A child older than 5 who is taking Adderall for ADHD would typically start with a dose of 5 milligrams (mg) and increase it gradually to 30 mg.
A typical dose for an adult with narcolepsy may start at 5 mg and increase to 60 mg.
You can take Adderall and Adderall XR with or without food.
People usually take Adderall tablets every four to six hours during the day.
People take Adderall XR capsules once a day, in the morning. Adderall taken in the evening can interfere with sleep.
Guidelines call for swallowing capsules whole. Or, you can open the capsule and sprinkle the contents into a teaspoon of applesauce. It’s important to take any opened medicine right away.
Symptoms of an Adderall overdose may include:
- Extreme restlessness
- Panic attack
- Rapid breathing
- Extreme fatigue
- Racing heart
- Loss of consciousness
If you think you have taken an overdose or if someone else may have overdosed on Adderall, call a poison control center at 1-800-222-1222.
If you or someone else has symptoms of an overdose, call 9-1-1.
Missed Dose of Adderall
Take Adderall exactly as directed by the doctor.
Do not stop taking Adderall suddenly. This can cause severe depression, extreme tiredness, and other Adderall withdrawal symptoms.
If you miss a dose of Adderall, take the missed dose as soon as you remember.
But, if it’s almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose.
Do not double the dose to make up for a missed dose.